How to Form an LLC in Texas – Easy Step-by-Step Guide

If you’re looking to start a business in Texas, forming a limited liability company (LLC) may be the best choice for you. An LLC combines the benefit of a sole proprietorship and a corporation, providing personal liability protection and tax flexibility. However, the process of forming an LLC in Texas can be overwhelming, especially for first-time entrepreneurs.

Fear not! This comprehensive guide will walk you through the step-by-step process of forming an LLC in Texas, providing easy-to-follow instructions to ensure a smooth and successful setup. Whether you’re starting a small business or expanding your existing one, our guide has got you covered.

Key Takeaways

  • Forming an LLC in Texas provides personal liability protection and tax flexibility.
  • The LLC formation process can be overwhelming, but our step-by-step guide can help.
  • Choosing the right name and registered agent are crucial steps in the LLC formation process.
  • An operating agreement and EIN from the IRS are recommended to ensure proper LLC management.
  • Texas LLC owners must comply with various tax and regulatory requirements to maintain compliance.

Understand the Benefits of Forming an LLC in Texas

Starting a business is an exciting journey that requires careful consideration and planning. One of the most critical decisions you’ll make when launching your business is choosing the right legal structure. Forming a Limited Liability Company (LLC) in Texas can offer numerous advantages and protections for your business.

One of the primary benefits of starting an LLC in Texas is personal liability protection. As an LLC owner, your personal assets are separate from your business assets, which means your personal assets are not at risk if your business has financial or legal issues. Additionally, Texas LLCs offer flexibility in managing your business and do not require you to follow the same formalities as other entities.

Forming an LLC in Texas is also a relatively straightforward process. You can complete the Texas LLC process in just a few steps, making it an attractive option for first-time entrepreneurs and small business owners.

Starting an LLC in Texas also has tax advantages. LLCs are pass-through entities, meaning the profits or losses from the business pass through to the members’ personal tax returns, avoiding double taxation. Furthermore, Texas has no state income tax, which can result in significant cost savings for LLCs.

In summary, starting an LLC in Texas provides personal liability protection, is easy and flexible to manage, offers tax advantages, and has no state income tax. These benefits make starting an LLC in Texas a smart choice for anyone looking to start a business in the Lone Star State.

Name Your Texas LLC

When starting a Texas LLC, one of the most important steps is choosing a name that reflects your brand and is available for registration. The name you select must meet the Texas LLC laws and regulations. It should not be identical to any existing Texas LLC names, nor too similar to, potentially causing confusion for the public.

The name must also comply with the Texas Secretary of State guidelines, including:

  • The name must contain the words “limited liability company” or “LLC.”
  • It cannot contain any restricted words, such as those that imply the company is a government agency or conducting illegal activities.

Once you have a name in mind, you can conduct a search on the Texas Secretary of State website to check its availability. You can also reserve a name for up to 120 days before officially filing your Certificate of Formation.

Remember, your Texas LLC’s name will become an essential part of your brand, so choose it carefully.

Appoint a Registered Agent

One of the key Texas LLC requirements is to appoint a reliable registered agent. This person or entity will be responsible for receiving important legal documents, such as tax notifications and lawsuits on behalf of your LLC.

The registered agent must have a physical street address in Texas, be available during regular business hours, and be authorized to do business in the state. It can be an individual resident, a domestic or foreign entity authorized to do business in Texas. The registered agent’s name and address must be listed on your Certificate of Formation.

It’s important to choose a registered agent who is trustworthy and consistent in their duties. If you do not appoint a registered agent, your LLC may be subject to penalties and legal consequences.

File the Certificate of Formation

Once your LLC’s name has been approved and you’ve appointed a registered agent, it’s time to officially form your Texas LLC. This involves filing a document known as the Certificate of Formation with the Texas Secretary of State. The Certificate of Formation is a legal document that provides important details about your LLC, including its name, purpose, address, and the names and addresses of its organizers.

When filing the Certificate of Formation, you will need to pay a fee of $300 to the Texas Secretary of State. This fee can be paid online by credit card or by sending a check or money order through the mail. It’s important to note that this fee is non-refundable, so be sure to double-check that all the information on the form is accurate before submitting it.

There are several ways to file the Certificate of Formation, including online, by mail, or in person at the Texas Secretary of State’s office. If you choose to file online, you can use the Texas Secretary of State’s online filing system to complete and submit the form electronically. If you prefer to file by mail or in person, you can download the form from the Texas Secretary of State website and complete it manually.

Once the Texas Secretary of State has approved your Certificate of Formation and you’ve received confirmation of your LLC’s formation, you can move on to the next steps in starting and growing your Texas LLC.

Create an Operating Agreement

While not required by law, having an operating agreement is highly recommended for any LLC. This agreement outlines the ownership and operating procedures of your Texas LLC. It will clarify important details, such as:

  • How profits and losses are split among members
  • Each member’s responsibilities and duties
  • Rules for decision-making and voting procedures
  • The process for adding or removing members

By creating an operating agreement, you can avoid potential conflicts and ensure that your business runs smoothly. Below are some steps to help you draft an effective operating agreement for your Texas LLC:

  1. Identify the members of your LLC and their ownership percentages.
  2. Determine the roles and responsibilities of each member.
  3. Establish rules for meetings and decision-making processes.
  4. Outline the process for admitting new members and the terms for buying out an existing member.
  5. Specify how profits and losses will be allocated among members.
  6. Establish policies for managing conflicts and resolving disputes.

Keep in mind that every Texas LLC is unique, and your operating agreement should reflect the specific needs and goals of your business. Consider working with an attorney to ensure that your operating agreement complies with Texas laws and protects the interests of your LLC and its members.

Obtain an EIN from the IRS

One of the necessary steps to start an LLC in Texas is to obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the IRS. This unique identification number allows your LLC to open a business bank account, hire employees, and comply with tax obligations.

The process of obtaining an EIN is relatively simple and can be done online through the IRS website. Make sure to have all the necessary information, such as your LLC’s legal name and address, before starting the application.

After submitting your application, you will receive your EIN immediately, which you can then use to register for state and local taxes and apply for necessary licenses and permits.

Remember, obtaining an EIN is an essential step for any LLC, so don’t forget to complete this process to ensure your business is legally compliant and ready to operate in Texas.

Comply with Texas Tax and Regulatory Requirements

Running a Texas LLC comes with specific regulatory and compliance responsibilities, including taxes and licenses your LLC may need to comply with at state and local levels. Here are some of the essential Texas LLC requirements that you need to know:

Texas Franchise Tax

The Texas franchise tax is an annual tax paid by businesses operating in Texas or those who have Texas LLCs. The franchise tax is calculated on the net surplus of the LLC, and the rates vary depending on the entity’s formation type. Failure to file or pay the franchise tax may result in various penalties and interests on the LLC.

Texas Sales and Use Tax

LLCs in Texas that sell taxable goods and services or lease tangible personal property must register and remit the state’s sales and use tax. Texas has a 6.25% state sales tax rate, and counties and cities may levy an additional 2% tax rate, bringing the total sales tax rate to a maximum of 8.25%. LLCs must file and pay their sales and use tax obligations on time and may face severe consequences for failure to do so.

State and Local Permits and Licenses

Depending on your LLC’s activities and location, you may be required to obtain various permits and licenses to operate legally in Texas. These may include a state tax permit, sales tax permit, liquor license, food establishment permit, and more. Failure to adhere to these Texas LLC requirements may result in hefty fines and consequences, such as suspension or loss of business license, legal action, and more.

Complying with Texas LLC requirements is essential for maintaining your LLC’s good standing and avoiding penalties or legal issues. Ensure that you stay up-to-date on the state’s regulatory and tax obligations to manage your Texas LLC successfully.

Register for State Business Taxes

Registering for state business taxes is an important requirement for your Texas LLC. The process can be complicated and varies depending on the nature of your business. The texas llc registration will require you to obtain the necessary permits and file the appropriate forms with the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts. Failing to comply with Texas tax obligations can result in costly penalties and legal consequences.

To avoid these issues, it’s critical to have a good understanding of your tax responsibilities. The Comptroller’s office provides online resources and tools to help you navigate the tax registration process and ensure your LLC complies with all necessary tax obligations.

Filing Periods

One of the first steps in registering your Texas LLC for business taxes is to determine your filing period. Most LLCs are required to file quarterly reports or annual reports. The filing period depends on the type of tax your LLC has registered for and the amount of revenue earned in the previous year.

Sales Tax Permits

If your LLC sells goods or taxable services in Texas, it will need to apply for a Sales Tax Permit from the Texas Comptroller’s Office. This permit allows you to collect and remit sales tax to the state. To apply for a Sales Tax Permit, your LLC will require a federal EIN and a Texas Secretary of State filing number.

Texas Franchise Tax

Texas LLCs are subject to the state’s Franchise Tax unless they meet the criteria for exemption. The Franchise Tax takes into account your LLCs total revenue and is calculated based on a percentage. To file for the Franchise Tax online, your LLC will require a Texas WebFile number, which can be obtained from the Comptroller’s website. Note that failure to file or pay the Franchise Tax can result in penalties and fees.

Understand Ongoing Compliance Requirements

After successfully forming your Texas LLC, it is crucial to stay on top of ongoing compliance requirements to avoid penalties and legal complications. To stay compliant, you need to fulfill specific obligations such as:

  • Annual Reports: Submitting an annual report to the Texas Secretary of State.
  • Record-Keeping: Keeping your financial and business records up-to-date and organized to avoid potential legal issues.
  • Other Necessary Filings: Filing necessary documents with the Texas Secretary of State.

Fortunately, the Texas LLC process is relatively simple, and with proper planning and organization, you can fulfill your LLC’s compliance requirements without much hassle.

Make a plan and calendar that includes all the deadlines and obligations to avoid missing important compliance requirements. Properly organizing your LLC’s documentation and schedule can be challenging, and this is where a registered agent can help.

A registered agent can assist with annual report filings and ensure your company stays in compliance. However, if you decide to manage compliance yourself, you need to stay vigilant and keep up with regulatory changes that could affect your LLC.

TIP: Keeping track of the compliance requirements can be overwhelming, but try to stay organized with a calendar for annual reports and filing deadlines, and Record-Keeping to help you avoid potential issues and stay on top of compliance requirements.

Protect Your Texas LLC’s Intellectual Property

As a business owner, it’s crucial to understand the importance of safeguarding your intellectual property. Intellectual property includes anything that you or your business create, such as logos, designs, inventions, and written materials. Failing to protect your intellectual property could result in legal disputes and loss of revenue.

One of the most common ways to protect your intellectual property is through trademark registration. A trademark is a unique symbol, design, or phrase that represents your company’s brand and sets it apart from competitors. By registering your trademark with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, you gain exclusive rights to use the mark in association with your goods or services.

Another important form of protection is copyright registration. Copyright applies to original works of authorship, such as books, music, and artwork. By registering your copyrighted works, you can prevent others from copying or using your creations without permission.

In some cases, it may also be appropriate to pursue a patent for your inventions or processes. A patent gives you exclusive rights to produce, use, and sell your invention for a certain period of time.

By taking these steps to protect your Texas LLC’s intellectual property, you can ensure that your business assets are secure and that you have the legal tools to prevent infringement.


Forming an LLC in Texas may seem daunting, but with our step-by-step guide, you now have the knowledge and confidence to successfully set up your business. Remember to take advantage of the protections and benefits that come with an LLC, such as personal liability protection and flexibility in managing your business.

Ensure that you have chosen the right name for your LLC and appointed a reliable registered agent to receive legal documents. File the Certificate of Formation and obtain an EIN from the IRS. Comply with Texas tax and regulatory requirements, including state business taxes, ongoing compliance obligations, and protecting your intellectual property.

Your Texas LLC is an investment in your future, so make sure to prioritize compliance and proper management to ensure its long-term success. Good luck on your journey as a Texas business owner!


How do I form an LLC in Texas?

To form an LLC in Texas, follow these steps:

1. Choose a name for your LLC that complies with Texas naming rules.
2. Select a registered agent who will receive legal documents on behalf of your LLC.
3. File a Certificate of Formation with the Texas Secretary of State, including necessary information and fees.
4. Create an operating agreement that outlines the ownership and operational guidelines for your LLC.
5. Obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the IRS for tax purposes.
6. Comply with Texas tax and regulatory requirements, such as obtaining necessary licenses and permits.
7. Register for state business taxes, if applicable.
8. Understand and fulfill ongoing compliance requirements, such as annual reports and record-keeping obligations.

What are the requirements for forming an LLC in Texas?

To form an LLC in Texas, you must meet the following requirements:

1. Choose a unique name for your LLC that ends with “Limited Liability Company” or an approved abbreviation.
2. Appoint a registered agent who has a physical address in Texas and is available during business hours.
3. File a Certificate of Formation with the Texas Secretary of State and pay the required filing fee.
4. Draft an operating agreement, although it’s not legally required.
5. Comply with federal, state, and local tax and regulatory obligations.

How much does it cost to register an LLC in Texas?

The filing fee to register an LLC in Texas is $300. Additional fees may apply for expedited processing or additional services.

Can I form an LLC in Texas without an attorney?

Yes, you can form an LLC in Texas without an attorney. The process is relatively straightforward, and you can follow the step-by-step instructions provided by the Texas Secretary of State. However, consulting with an attorney or using an online legal service can provide additional guidance and ensure compliance with all legal requirements.

How long does it take to form an LLC in Texas?

The processing time for forming an LLC in Texas varies depending on the method chosen. If filing online, the average processing time is around 2-3 business days. If submitting by mail, it can take 5-7 business days. Expedited processing options are available for an additional fee.

Do I need to publish my LLC formation in a newspaper in Texas?

Unlike some states, Texas does not require the publication of LLC formations in a newspaper.

Can a foreign LLC register in Texas?

Yes, a foreign LLC can register in Texas. Foreign LLCs must file an Application for Registration with the Texas Secretary of State and appoint a registered agent in Texas.

Can I change the name of my Texas LLC after it’s formed?

Yes, you can change the name of your Texas LLC after it’s formed. You’ll need to file a Certificate of Amendment with the Texas Secretary of State, paying the required fee and providing the updated LLC name.

What is a registered agent, and do I need one for my Texas LLC?

A registered agent is a person or entity designated to receive important legal documents and correspondence on behalf of your LLC. In Texas, having a registered agent is mandatory. The registered agent must have a physical address in Texas and be available during regular business hours.

Do I need an operating agreement for my Texas LLC?

While not legally required in Texas, having an operating agreement is highly recommended for all LLCs. An operating agreement outlines the ownership structure, management procedures, and rules for your LLC. It helps establish clear guidelines and can protect your limited liability status.

How do I obtain an EIN for my Texas LLC?

To obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) for your Texas LLC, you can apply directly with the IRS for free. You can apply online, by mail, or by fax. An EIN is necessary for various purposes, including opening a business bank account and filing taxes.

What ongoing compliance requirements do I need to fulfill for my Texas LLC?

Some of the ongoing compliance requirements for a Texas LLC include filing an annual report with the Secretary of State, maintaining proper records and bookkeeping, and adhering to federal, state, and local tax obligations.